Warm and humid with little rainfall, Lima’s climate is influenced by the cold offshore Humboldt Current. The city is bordered by the Pacific Ocean on one side and the foothills of the Andes mountain range on the other. Fog can linger in the city even when areas outside Lima are clear and sunny. Lima has two seasons: summer (December to April) and winter (May to November). March is the warmest month with temperatures in the 40s Celsius. Winter is wet and chilly. August is typically the coolest month, and winter temperatures can drop to 12 degrees. January to March is warm and very humid. March to April the humidity lifts a bit in the afternoon and the sun shines through. April to December the city is cloaked in the garua (fog), and it frequently drizzles.
When to fly to Lima
Many travellers book flights to Lima in addition to booking local Peru flights. It's worth noting, however, that Lima and Peru experience the same high tourist seasons so Lima flights and accommodations should be made well in advance.
Lima’s peak season coincides with Peru’s peak season from June to September. Make your Lima flights and hotel reservations in advance and, when you are in the city, be prepared for the damp, chilly air.
Although summer is the off season, this is when many of major fiestas are held, so check ahead for accommodations.
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Getting around Lima
Lima’s neighbourhoods are best explored on foot. You’ll want to take a taxi or bus to get between neighbourhoods. The bus routes are cheap and extensive, but can be uncomfortable and crowded. Flag down one of the large micros and combis and ask where they’re going. Many of the vehicles don’t display their destinations. The combis are known for having bad drivers and lots of accidents. The taxis are also cheap, but they aren’t regulated and don’t have meters. They’re designated by a marked plastic sign on the windshield. Make sure you agree on a fare before you get in. If you call ahead for a registered cab, you won’t be able to negotiate the fare. You’ll also want to bring a map, as many drivers are new to the area. You’re better off not driving your own car – the roads are in poor condition and local drivers are aggressive. If you are driving, make sure you carry your documents. The police and military make routine spot checks.